In the last decade, a heated mattress was used exclusively as a medical device, which allows improving the general condition of patients suffering from circulatory disorders, pain in the joints and muscles. Improvement of the technologies used in the production process made it possible to create lightweight devices – an electric heated mattress pad, which became a source of dry heat. Similar designs began to be used to heat ordinary beds.
Features of a heating mattress
The used models of mattresses with a heating function are characterized by increased functionality compared to the usual orthopedic designs, which are often used in the arrangement of berths. The heated mattress pad is equipped with a special device that is responsible for heating and subsequent adjustment of the surface temperature. The principle of the device’s operation is to bring the sleeping set to a comfortable temperature. Before use, the electric mattress pad is laid on the bed, after which it is connected to the network.
During rest, it seems to a person that underneath is a large heating pad. The features should also include the possibility of long-term use of models. So, the mattress will warm the bed throughout the night. Thus, it became possible to stay for a long time overnight in rooms that are poorly heated. Features include the possibility of active drying of the used bed set. If there is an increased indicator of humidity in the room, the function will come in handy.
What is an electric mattress?
An electric mattress with the function of heating the surface is a special device that was developed for hospitals in need of designs that contribute to the speedy warming of people suffering from circulatory disorders. Dry heat spreads over the entire surface as soon as possible. The design is laid on top of the main mattress or any other surface. It is covered with a sheet or other delicate matter. 10 minutes after switching on, the surface is ready for subsequent use.
With minimal consumption of electrical energy, the device can function throughout the night. The power rating is 40-80 watts. The top layer of the electric heated mattress pad is made of mixed, synthetic or natural material. The lower layer consists of heat-resistant matter, which contributes to an even distribution of heat over the surface. Inside is a heating element. The electric blanket works according to the same principle.
The principle of the electric heated mattress pad
The role of the heating element is an elastic type wire, which is a cable-based on chromium and nickel, placed in a silicone insulator. Thanks to silicone properties such as ductility and strength, the cable can be bent or neatly folded. A modern heated medical mattress is equipped with a thinner wire made of carbon fiber. To turn on the unit, you need a direct network connection. In the immediate vicinity of the resting place must be a working outlet. In most cases, the mattress is equipped with a 3 m wire.
The heating mode is selected manually and, depending on the model of variation used, there may be 2-9. The heating temperature will be + 28 ° С – + 55 ° С. The infrared heating function is available only inexpensive models. Possible options:
- Temperature control simultaneously for several (different) zones. Useful if a person freezes only a certain part of the body, for example, legs.
- Electric-type control knob.
- The ability to erase the device in automatic mode.
- Mode indicator with backlight function.
- Convenient fixing on a working surface.
- Overheating sensor and automatic shutdown mechanism.
- A timer that allows shut down after a certain period of time.
Such designs are used not only to heat the bed but also in many therapeutic rooms. Such an electric mattress will differ in design and structural features. It was possible to achieve a therapeutic effect due to the massaging effect and the heating function. It helps to eliminate pain caused by radiculitis, osteochondrosis, diseases of the joints and muscles. It is prescribed for gynecological diseases, and also helps relieve accumulated stress. Relief will come after several massage sessions.
During heating, the oxygen in the room is not burned, which contributes to improved sleep. People who find it difficult before bedtime to calm down and fall asleep quickly, the mattress helps to cope with the tasks. Often used in rooms such as the living room, in which a beautiful, but not comfortable sofa is installed. The design quickly develops, which allows for storage anywhere.
Advantages and disadvantages